Photo credit:  Jenn Forman Orth/Flickr Creative Commons

Spotted Lanternfly

(Lycorma delicatula)

Report this Species!

If you believe you have found this species anywhere in Pennsylvania, please report your findings by doing one of the following:

Species at a Glance

The Spotted Lanternfly, Lycorma delicatula, is an invasive planthopper that has been discovered in south eastern Pennsylvania. It is native to China, India, Vietnam, and introduced to Korea where it has become a major pest. This insect attacks many hosts including grapes, apples, stone fruits, and tree of heaven and has the potential to greatly impact the grape, fruit tree, and logging industries. Early detection is vital for the protection of Pennsylvania businesses and agriculture.

Download the Spotted Lanternfly Pest Alert handout from the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture.

Identification

The Spotted lanternfly adult is approximately 1” long and 1/2” wide at rest. The forewing is grey with black spots and the wings tips are reticulated black blocks outlined in grey. The hind wings have contrasting patches of red and black with a white band. The legs and head are black; the abdomen is yellow with broad black bands. Immature stages are black with white spots, and develop red patches as they grow.

Signs and Symptoms

Trees, such as tree of heaven and willow, will develop weeping wounds. These wounds will leave a greyish or black trail along the trunk. This sap will attract other insects to feed, notably wasps and ants. In late fall, adults will lay egg masses on host trees and nearby smooth surfaces like stone, outdoor furniture, vehicles, and structures. Newly laid egg masses have a grey mud-like covering which can take on a dry cracked appearance over time. Old egg masses appear as rows of 30-50 brownish seed-like deposits in 4-7 columns on the trunk, roughly an inch long.

Hosts

In the fall, adults congregate on tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima), willows (Salix sp.), and other trees, in groups of up to 20. Egg masses will be laid on medium to large trees, on trunk, branches, and limb bases. After hatching in the spring, nymphs will move off the tree and search out new hosts, including several kinds of agricultural crops. In Korea, it has been reported to attack 65 different species, 25+ of which are known to grow in Pennsylvania.

Distribution

Use this interactive Plant Pest Quarantine Search from the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture to see if you're in the spotted lanternfly quarantine area.

Videos
Notes and More Info

Information for this species profile comes from the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture's Spotted Lanternfly Pest Alert handout.

The Pennsylvania iMapInvasives Program is a partnership of the Western Pennsylvania Conservancy, the Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program, and NatureServe.

Funding for Pennsylvania iMapInvasives is provided by the Great Lakes Restoration Initiative.

NatureServe logo, iMapInvasives partner
Pennsylvania Natural Heritage Program, iMapInvasives partner
Great Lakes Restoration Initiative logo, iMapInvasives funding source